Universal high-quality preschool is achievable within the next 30 years if the federal government and state and local governments partner to share costs under a two-part plan proposed by The National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) at the Rutgers Graduate School for Education. NIEER’s research shows its plan will expand access to 5 million more 3- and 4-year-olds by 2040. Public preschools in the United States currently serve only 1.8 million children. Critically, the plan prioritizes raising quality and enrolling unserved children in low-income families first. Research demonstrates payoffs to investing in Pre-K depend on high quality and ensuring the most disadvantaged children are served.